Steel Beams: 6 Different Types and Uses

by | Oct 15, 2020

Steel Beams

After the industrial revolution, the use of steel in the construction sector became widely popular worldwide. Steel beams are resistant, lightweight, and easily adjustable to other materials.

Steel is the number one choice by many constructors due to its flexible utilization in large and small projects.

The accessibility to obtain steel is greater in comparison to other construction materials such a wood since it is found abundantly in nature, offering resistance, durability, and functionality.


Learn about the six types of steel beams used in residential construction


  1. W-beam: The W beam is a type of beam commonly used in residential construction, especially in small constructions because it is light, easy to weld, assemble or rivet which also makes it fit perfectly with other materials, becoming highly beneficial for the project in general since it does not compromise its structural integrity. The W beam is also known as the wide flange beam.
  1. H-beam: This type of beam is used mostly for the construction of high-rise condo buildings, which are still residential projects but on a larger scale. It is a longer and heavier beam than those in I or those in W types of beams, suitable for the foundations of skyscrapers since it offers strength and structural integrity. A single large individual beam can support around 1,000 tons of weight. This type of steel beam is one of the most purchased in the world.
  1. I-beam: This type of steel beam is widely used in the construction area, becoming a fundamental part of the supporting structure of buildings. The l-beam has tapered flanges, allowing it to be functional at all times.
  1. T-section Beam: this type of beam is used as an interconnection point and load-bearing section, joined by bolts and rivets. The T-beam allows the installation of different sections of I-beams or W-beams in structural spaces without causing compromise of any kind, making the construction of multi-level buildings simple. Most of the T-section beams are located on steel columns and beams, giving the project a well-balanced internal steel structure.
  1. L-section Beam: Angle beams, as they are also known, are shaped like a 90-degree angle and in some cases have uneven legs, hence its L-shape. It also has a curious relationship between strength and weight, making it the ideal beam for residential construction. They can be used to reinforce other steel beams as if it were a clamp, but one of their most common uses is on the corners of buildings and homes, offering durability to them.
  1. Channel Beams: or C-shaped beams. They are cost-effective and lightweight beams characterized by its cross-section design and used to cover pillars and panels for drainage channels, but mostly for residential use and light loads.

Wondering if using steel beams in your next construction project is a good option?

Here is your answer. Each day, steel allows the construction of more avant-garde and ambitious projects, since it offers profitability, durability, and above all greater structural integrity.

So, don’t think twice! Contact the experts on the subject and get advice right now at Carolina Custom Homes.

Mike Goubran

Mike Goubran

Mike Goubran, owner of Carolina Development and Properties, LLC, and its affiliate, Carolina Custom Homes and Renovations, LLC, has been building homes in the Charlotte area for over 20 years. Mike graduated with a degree in Construction Management from East Carolina University and went on to receive a Master of Business Administration from Queens University in Charlotte. He has been a Licensed General Contractor since 1999 and currently holds this designation in both North and South Carolina. Mike is also a Certified Green Professional and is a member of the National Association of Home Builders. Carolina Custom Homes and Renovations is also an Accredited Business with the Better Business Bureau.

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